Rug manufacturing methods:
The process of rug manufacturing matters a lot as it decides the resulted rug's durability, comfort, look, quality, etc. A carpet can be made using one of three methods: Hand-Knotted, Hand-Tufted, Machine-made rugs.
This method has been utilized for over a thousand years. These rugs are produced on vertical looms and are famous among Turkish and Persian artists. The carpet is made by tying yarn to a cross-section of warp (the rug's vertical threads) and weft (the rug's horizontal lines) firmly wrapped around a wooden or metal frame (the loom). The knotting procedure is prolonged and needs years of practice and skill.
This technique was created as a substitute for hand-knotting, and it substantially expedites rug production. The pattern is then stenciled onto a piece of canvas stretched tightly across a frame. The yarn is then pushed through the canvas in a 'V' shape using a Tufting Gun. When the tufting is finished, the rug is removed from the frame, and a scrim cloth is bonded to the back to disguise the tufting ends.
Using contemporary tools and technology, this is the quickest and most effective way to create a rug. Machine-made carpets are manufactured by feeding hundreds of reels of thread into one massive machine loom, which weaves the carpet in the desired pattern fast. Multiple mats can be manufactured simultaneously, albeit the number of colors can utilize in one carpet is limited (usually about 8-10 colors).