Obesity is the most common nutritional disorder in developed countries. It can be defined as a sickly condition when there is an excess of fat in the human body. Accumulation of fat excess is caused by the imbalance between energy consumption and its costs. Middle-aged people are the most prone to obesity, however it can occur at any age. In most cases the diagnosis is obvious from the appearance of the patient, but the degree of obesity can be set when determining the weight and height https://topthesis.com/
In many countries, the problem of obesity is getting worse among adults and children. America is not only the richest country in the world but also one of the most progressive; however, as everyone can notice, this country is not the healthiest one.
More than 300.000 people die each year from diseases caused by obesity, which is a little smaller than the statistics of deaths from diseases related to smoking tobacco. Thus, this paper is going to discuss the obesity epidemic in the USA.
According to Childhood Obesity Facts:
‘Childhood obesity has more than doubled in children and tripled in adolescents in the past 30 years. The percentage of children aged 6-11 in the United States who were obese increased from 7% in 1980 to nearly 18% in 2010. Similarly, the percentage of adolescents aged 12-19 who were obese increased from 5% to 18% over the same period. In 2010, more than one third of children and adolescents were overweight or obese’.
Men with waists of more than 1 meter and women with waists over 88 inches are considered as ill with obesity. Such people often suffer from diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels in the blood and heart diseases.
Talking about the main reasons for this issue, poor nutrition is one of them. The major part of Americans has lunch or dinner at fast food restaurants. Their food menu is not balanced and therefore they put at risk their health because instead of cooking normal food, Americans buy in supermarkets manufactured, processed, packaged and refined foods. Due to technological advances, people have come to the mass production of food that keep longer and taste better. However, such food contains too much sugar, refined oil, and a great number of ingredients whose names people can not even pronounce. As a result, the diet is lacking substances that accelerate fat burning.
An interesting experiment was carried out in the film Super Size Me. It is a documentary film about a man who each day three times a day during a month eats at fast food restaurants. He has to eat every meal from McDonald’s menu at least once. Within 30 days, the main character Morgan does not go in for sport. Medical examination is carried out regularly in order to determine what impact has such ‘diet’ on the body. As a result, Morgan has gained 11.1 kg, thus increasing his body weight by 13%. He experienced mood swings, sexual dysfunction, mood swings and liver damage. It took 14 months to lose extra weight which was gained within 30 days.
This film is a bright example of obesity that was gained thanks to the poor nutrition. There is a profound explanation of the motives behind Americans eating unhealthy food. On the one hand, the part of the population just accustomed for such food. On the other hand, the rest of the population eats fast food because it is quite cheap. Healthy food such as fruit and vegetables, whole grains, lean meat and dairy are more expensive than dinner at McDonald’s. While talking about obesity, there are some solutions that currently or potentially exist to combat this problem and reduce the epidemic of obesity, especially among lower socio-economic groups.
If a person wants to reduce excess weight with the help of radical diets, he or she simply awakens the appetite. As a result, it will lead to increased eating. In 90-95% of those who tried to treat the obesity, the initial body weight restored after six months. As a matter of fact, obesity requires the correction of nutrition. Such products as sugar, jam, candies, pastry should be excluded from the daily ratio. It is also necessary to reduce the consumption of carbohydrates which are transformed into fat, especially those of animal origin that are contained in meat and dairy foods.
For people who are prone to overweight it is contraindicated to eat margarine, fatty and processed cheese, mayonnaise, hot dogs, sandwiches (combining fats with carbohydrates), especially those which are served in McDonald’s restaurants. It is rather better eating vegetables and fruits (preferably unsweetened), ginger, nutmeg, cinnamon, horseradish (if there are no problems with the pancreas) and fish. Among beverages, the best are natural juices without additives of sugar. Boiled and baked potatoes stimulate lipolysis, while fried potatoes contribute to weight gain.
Smells of vanilla, lemon and orange are very useful because they reduce appetite and food neurosis (due to these measures, staff confectioners usually not only love sweets but eat little because of poor appetite). Most valuable food in the susceptibility to obesity is sauerkraut (this product has anthelmintic action), seaweed, and cranberries. Also, onions and garlic are fat burners. The intensity of metabolism in cells and, therefore, fat burning increases an hour after eating onions and garlic. For better weight loss, it is advisable to drink 30 minutes before meals or half an hour afterwards.
All these pieces of advice are very helpful in combating obesity. However, these solutions are not very suitable for lower socio-economic groups as all products mentioned above are expensive. A person can get a full meal on the dollar menu at a fast food outlet for the cost of a couple of fruit. Therefore, it will be cheaper if people with low income go shopping in huge supermarkets. According to Gearhart et al.:
‘The benefit of larger supermarkets is their ability to offer food at lower prices than smaller grocery or convenience stores.’
Most Americans have their private houses. Thus, the great idea for the poor is to grow vegetables and fruits in the garden by themselves. As a result, this will not only save money but also promote to lead an active lifestyle. Thus, people with low income will ‘kill two birds with one stone.’
It is better eating 5-6 times a day but with small portions, avoiding filling the stomach when there is no feeling of hunger, and eating slowly without hurrying. Drinking a great amount of water will promote people’s organism to detoxify all toxins. Doctors counsel the patients to drink 2-2,5 liters of water a day. Moreover, nowadays, water is not expensive compared with fruits and vegetables. One more advice should be taken into the consideration. A great majority of doctors recommend ‘making friends with scales’. This issue is primarily a psychological and purely individual.
‘Weigh yourself at least once a week. Consequently, this will help you measure how much extra flab you have lost by doing simple activities or workout. In case you are being inactive and not eating healthy, you will be aware of the weight gain at an early stage. In the end, this will prevent your weight gain from being too much to reduce’.