Digital technology does not harm our mental abilities


A critical review of the arguments shows that the effects demonstrated were temporary rather than long-lasting. For example, in a well-known study that examined people's dependence

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A critical review of the arguments shows that the effects demonstrated were temporary rather than long-lasting. For example, in a well-known study that examined people's dependence on external forms of memory, participants were less likely to memorize some of the information when they were told that the information would be stored on a computer and that they would have access to it. On the other hand, they remembered the information better when they were told it would not be preserved.

These studies do not prove that the use of technology leads to memory impairment. When technology was available, people relied on it, but when it was not available, people were still able to remember. Therefore, there is no reason to conclude that technology impairs our ability to remember.

In addition, the impact of digital technology on cognition may be due to how motivated someone is, rather than their cognitive processes. Indeed, cognitive processes operate in the context of purposes for which our motivation may change. In particular, the more motivating the task, the more busy and focused we are. This perspective reviews experimental evidence showing that smartphones impair the performance of tasks of constant attention, working memory, or functional fluid intelligence.

Motivational factors are likely to play a role in the results of the study, especially given that study participants often find the tasks they are asked to perform for the study insignificant or boring. Because we use digital technology to perform many important tasks, such as keeping in touch with loved ones, responding to emails, and enjoying entertainment, digital technology may undermine the motivational value of the experimental task.

Importantly, this means that digital technologies do not harm cognition; if the task is important or exciting, smartphones will not reduce people's ability to perform it.

Change of knowledge
To use digital technology, internal cognitive processes are less focused on storing and computing information. Instead, these processes convert information into formats that can be downloaded to digital devices, such as search phrases, and then reloaded and interpreted. This type of cognitive relief is similar to how people take notes on paper instead of passing on certain information for long-term memory, or when children use their hands to help with counting.

The main difference is that digital technologies help us to unload complex sets of information more efficiently and effectively than analog tools, and it does so without compromising accuracy. One of the significant advantages is that the internal cognitive capabilities that are freed from the need to perform specialized functions, such as memorizing a calendar appointment, are freed up to perform other tasks. This, in turn, means that we can achieve more, cognitively, than ever before.

Thus, digital technology should not be seen as a competition to our internal cognitive process. Instead, it complements knowledge by expanding our ability to perform tasks .

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